Driving on your P plates

Find out the rules for driving or riding on your provisional licence.

Once you pass your practical driving assessment (PDA), you will be issued with your provisional licence  – also known as your ‘P plates.’

You will be on a provisional licence for 2 years or until you turn 19 years of age, whichever period is longer.

Once you have your provisional licence, you can drive without a supervising driver or rider.

Rules for P plate drivers

Driving or riding solo is a new skill and comes with responsibilities.

While driving or riding on your P plates, you must:

  • follow the Western Australian road rules
  • always display P plates
  • not drive between midnight and 5AM for the first 6 months of your provisional licence (exemptions for driving to or from work or study may apply.)
  • have a blood alcohol content of 0.00%.

Displaying your P plates

While driving or riding on your provisional licence you must also display:

  • red P plates for the first 6 months your provisional licence
  • green P plates for the remaining 18 months or until you turn 19 years of age, whichever period is longer.

Night time driving restrictions

While driving or riding on your P plates, you must not drive between midnight and 5.00am for the first 6 months of your provisional licence, unless you are travelling:

  • to or from employment, or in the course of employment, and by the shortest route practicable 
  • to or from school, by the shortest route practicable.

If you need to travel from employment or school, your journey should start as soon as possible after your employment or school ends.

If you are stopped by a Police Officer, you must be able to provide evidence you meet these exceptions (for example, a letter from the employer or the school/education institution.)

If you cannot provide evidence, penalties may apply.

Demerit points

Under the demerit point system, a person is considered a novice driver until they have held a driver's licence for at least 2 years.

A novice driver type 1 is someone who has held a driver's licence for at least one year or periods adding up to one year, and includes first-time learner's permit holders.

A novice driver type 2 is someone who has held a driver's licence for more than one year but less than 2 years.

As a novice driver, your learner’s permit or provisional licence may be suspended or disqualified if you accrue:

  • 4 demerit points from the issue of your learner’s permit until the end first year of your provisional licence, and/or
  • 8 demerit points until the end of your second year of your provisional licence.

Diagram showing that you can accrue a total of 4 demerit points while on your learner's permit or first year of your licence, and 8 demerit points in total while on your provisional licence.

Check your demerit points

You can check how many demerit points you have using our online demerit point tool.

How to reduce your crash risk

Learner and P-plate drivers are at a higher risk of crashing due to their inexperience and potential risk-taking. Learn about some of the leading causes of fatal and serious injury crashes and ways to stay safe on the road.


Being distracted behind the wheel – particularly by using a mobile phone – is dangerous. Stay 100% focused on driving and stay safe.


Wearing a seatbelt is one of easiest ways to protect yourself. Remember: you can only carry the same number of passengers as available seatbelts. Belt up for every trip – your life depends on it. 


Speed affects both the risk of being involved in a crash and the outcomes if a crash occurs. Slow down and save lives.

More tips for safe driving

The first few years of driving solo as a new driver or rider is the time you are most at risk of having a crash.  While you are still gaining experience as a solo driver it is important to limit the risks you take.

Always abide by the rules for novice drivers as well as the general road rules:

  • Never drive after drinking or taking drugs or medication that may affect your driving.
  • Avoid driving tired.
  • Ask passengers to be quiet if you’re having difficulty concentrating while driving.
  • Keep up your good habits, like scanning for potential hazards and leaving a safe distance when following another car.

Getting your full licence

When your provisional licence period is almost complete, you will be sent a renewal notice with the option to renew your licence.

After paying the renewal, you will be issued with your full licence which will come into effect once your provisional licence period is complete.

Safe driver reward (free licence renewal)

If you do not commit any traffic offences while on your provisional licence, you will be rewarded with a free licence renewal for one year.

When you receive your first full licence renewal notice it will offer a one-year free renewal option or a 5-year option for the price of 4 years.

You must validate the renewal using one of the following payment methods.

Page last updated: Mon Jan 22 2024 2:02:34 PM